Download African Apes (All Apes Great and Small, Volume 1) by Biruté M.F. Galdikas, Nancy Erickson Briggs, Lori K. PDF

By Biruté M.F. Galdikas, Nancy Erickson Briggs, Lori K. Sheeran, Gary L. Shapiro, Jane Goodall

A number of the papers during this quantity have been first provided on the 3rd overseas nice Apes of the realm convention, held July 3-6, 1998 in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. The editors of this quantity, the 1st in a two-volume sequence, are global popular, having committed such a lot in their lives to the examine of significant apes. The world's most suitable primatologists, ethologists, and anthropologists current the latest learn on either captive and free-ranging African nice apes. those scientists, via deep own dedication and sacrifice, have improved their wisdom of chimpanzees, bonobos, and gorillas. With forests disappearing, a lot of those experiences is not duplicated. This quantity, and all within the Developments in Primatology ebook sequence, target to expand and deepen the knowledge of this priceless reason.

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Extra info for African Apes (All Apes Great and Small, Volume 1) (Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects)

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Mammalian Protein Metabolism, New York: Academic Press. Kishino, H. , 1989, Evaluation of the maximum likelihood estimate of the evolutioary tree topologies from DNA sequence data, and the branching order in Hominoidea, J. Mol. Evol. 29: 170-179. , 1990, Primate Origins and Evolution: A Phylogenetic Reconstruction, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. , 1993, Primate origins: Plugging the gaps, Nature 363: 223-234. , 1997, Phylogeny and evolution of selected primates as determined by sequences of the e-globin locus and 5’ flanking regions, Int.

Primate Divergence Times 23 24 A. Janke and U. Arnason Primate Divergence Times 25 If the evolutionary rate is the same in the species used for calibration and the species for which the divergence time should be determined (they evolve at a strictly clock-like rate), then the unknown divergence time is simply a function of the time and distances or time and branch lengths of the species involved. Primates, however, have an accelerated evolutionary rate relative to other eutherians. Figure 1 shows that the primate lineage has longer branches compared to those of other eutherians.

1996). This can also be seen in Figure 1: the branches leading to the orangutans are longer compared to those leading to other primates. Taking the rate difference into account, the two orangutan populations are genetically more different than other well recognized eutherian species (Table 4). Clearly the Sumatran and Bornean orangutan should be considered distinct species. , 1996). The long separation time leading to the extensive genetic difference between these two taxa should been taken into account in breeding and conservation programs.

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