By Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang
As one of many eighteen field-specific reviews comprising the great scope of the strategic common file of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and know-how within the box of agriculture. They every one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the overall and sub-group studies learn the evolution and legislation governing the advance of technology and expertise, describe the decisive influence of technology and know-how at the modernization approach, are expecting that the area is at the eve of an imminent S&T revolution, and make contact with for China to be absolutely ready for this new around of S&T development. in response to the precise research of the calls for on S&T innovation in China’s modernization, the experiences draw a framework for 8 simple and strategic structures of socio-economic improvement with the help of technology and expertise, figure out China’s S&T roadmaps for the proper 8 easy and strategic platforms in keeping with China’s truth, extra element S&T tasks of strategic significance to China’s modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with entire consultations for the advance of S&T innovation in keeping with China’s truth. Supported via illustrations and tables of knowledge, the stories offer researchers, executive officers and marketers with assistance bearing on examine instructions, the making plans strategy, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation’s maximum educational establishment in ordinary sciences. Its significant tasks are to behavior examine in uncomplicated and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on traditional assets and ecological atmosphere, to supply the rustic with medical information and consultations for government’s decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks in regards to key S&T difficulties within the technique of socio-economic improvement, to begin group of workers education, and to advertise China’s high-tech companies via its lively engagement in those components.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
It is almost unlikely to increase farmers’ agricultural production initiative and realize sustainable income and output increase by such a small scale of production; consequently, the trends of farmers engaging in agricultural and non-agricultural undertakings simultaneously, farmers no longer mainly living on agricultural undertakings and the aging of rural labor force are becoming increasingly prominent. A national representative survey conducted by Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy in 6 provinces shows that increasingly more youth in farm villages will not choose agriculture as a major employment opportunity.
The general development goals of five agricultural technology fields are briefly discussed below: 1) Plant germplasm resources and modern plant breeding science and technology: It is to mainly use the methods of system biology and the productsoriented strategy, exploring the key and functional genes in germplasm and utilizing the superiority of gene resources-rich in China, and making breakthrough in plant photosynthesis research; The researches are to develop genomic-knowledge based on key biotechnology, and constructing the new innovation system of functional plant products development to provide the scientific supporting to agricultural sustainable development.
5 Major Challenges in Agricultural Development in China By 2050, in the face of development opportunities, Chinese agriculture will also face a series of challenges. The challenges for Chinese agriculture will be more difficult than those for many other countries. By 2050, besides the five major challenges in global agricultural development, Chinese agriculture will have to face the following challenges related closely with the national conditions of China. 1. Chinese agriculture will face enormous challenges to meet growing domestic demand for agricultural products in both quantity and quality and to improve its agricultural security China has the largest population in the world.