By Thomas R. Steinheimer, Lisa J. Ross, Terry D. Spittler
This ebook emphasizes the significance of scale-of-study whilst comparing the environmental destiny and shipping features of field-applied insecticides, together with pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides. the amount examines pesticide utilization and its power effect on non-target common assets and the dominant concerns surrounding pestidice circulation in numerous geophysical destinations and environmental systems.
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Extra info for Agrochemical Fate and Movement. Perspective and Scale of Study
Fourth Nat. Conf. on Pesticides. VA Water Resources Research Center, Blacksburg, VA, 1993. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2000. 44 13. 14. ch002 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. Dietrich, Α. , Gallagher, D. , Schicho, D. , Simmons, G. , Hayes, M . , Jourdan, S. , and Lawruck, T. L. Groundwater transport of pesticides to surface waters and estuaries. Proc. Fourth Nat. Conf. On Pesticides. VA Water Resources Research Center, Blacksburg, VA, 1993.
The maximum concentration of each herbicide in runoff and soil pore water collected by the suction lysimeters is also given. There is a significant positive relationship between the maximum use rate of each herbicide and the maximum concentration detected in surface water runoff and soil pore water. Given that all the herbicides tested are moderately water soluble, this finding is not surprising. This observation also supports the Best Management Practice (BMP) of reducing pesticide rates to improve water quality.
32. 33. Barrett, M. , Williams, W. , and Wells, D. Use of Ground Water Monitoring Data for Pesticide Regulation. 1993, 7, 238-247. Baker, J. , and Johnson, H. P. The Effect of Tillage Systems on Pesticides in Runoff from Small Watersheds. Transactions of the ASAE, 1979, 22, 554-559. Hornsby, A. , Wauchope, R. , and Herner, A. E. Pesticide Properties in the Environment, Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, 1996. Brown, H. , Joshi, M. M. and Van, A. T. Rapid soil microbial degradation of DPX-M6316 (Harmony ).