By Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh
The publication specializes in geological background because the serious think about opting for the current biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. the various riding mechanisms for panorama evolution are explored through reviewing the background of the Amazonian Craton, the linked sedimentary basins, and the function of mountain uplift and weather swap.
This booklet provdes an perception into the Meso- and Cenozoic list of Amazonia that was once characterised through fluvial and long-lived lake structures and a hugely assorted wildlife. This fauna comprises giants resembling the ca. 12 m lengthy caiman Purussaurus, but in addition a diversified fish fauna and fragile molluscs, while fossil pollen and spores shape relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.
ultimately, a evaluate the molecular datasets of the trendy Amazonian rainforest and aquatic environment, discussing the potential family among the starting place of Amazonian species variety and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South the US. The multidisciplinary method in comparing the heritage of Amazonia has ended in a complete quantity that gives novel insights into the evolution of this region.Content:
Chapter One creation: Amazonia, panorama and Species Evolution (pages 1–6): Carina Hoorn and Frank P. Wesselingh
Chapter Geological Evolution of the Amazonian Craton (pages 7–28): Salomon B. Kroonenberg and Emond W. F. de Roever
Chapter 3 The Paleozoic Solimoes and Amazonas Basins and the Acre Foreland Basin of Brazil (pages 29–37): Joaquim Ribeiro Wanderley?Filho, Jaime Fernandes Eiras, Paulo Roberto da Cruz Cunha and Paulus H. van der Ven
Chapter 4 Tectonic background of the Andes and Sub?Andean Zones: Implications for the improvement of the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 38–60): Andres Mora, Patrice child, Martin Roddaz, Mauricio Parra, Stephane Brusset, Wilber Hermoza and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter 5 Cenozoic Sedimentary Evolution of the Amazonian Foreland Basin procedure (pages 61–88): Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza, Andres Mora, Patrice child, Mauricio Parra, Frederic Christophoul, Stephane Brusset and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter Six The Nazca Ridge and Uplift of the Fitzcarrald Arch: Implications for neighborhood Geology in Northern South the United States (pages 89–100): Nicolas Espurt, Patrice child, Stephane Brusset, Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza and Jocelyn Barbarand
Chapter Seven The Amazonian Craton and its impact on earlier Fluvial platforms (Mesozoic?Cenozoic, Amazonia) (pages 101–122): Carina Hoorn, Martin Roddaz, Rodolfo Dino, Emilio Soares, Cornelius Uba, Diana Ochoa?Lozano and Russell Mapes
Chapter eight the improvement of the Amazonian Mega?Wetland (Miocene; Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia) (pages 123–142): Carina Hoorn, Frank P. Wesselingh, Jussi Hovikoski and Javier Guerrero
Chapter nine Marine impact in Amazonia: facts from the Geological checklist (pages 143–161): Jussi Hovikoski, Frank P. Wesselingh, Matti Rasanen, Murray Gingras and Hubert B. Vonhof
Chapter 10 Megafan Environments in Northern South the USA and their impression on Amazon Neogene Aquatic Ecosystems (pages 162–184): M. Justin Wilkinson, Larry G. Marshall, John G. Lundberg and Mikhail H. Kreslavsky
Chapter eleven Long?Term panorama improvement strategies in Amazonia (pages 185–197): Georg Irion and Risto Kalliola
Chapter Twelve weather edition in Amazonia throughout the Neogene and the Quaternary (pages 199–210): Hubert B. Vonhof and Ron J.G. Kaandorp
Chapter 13 Modelling the reaction of Amazonian weather to the Uplift of the Andean Mountain diversity (pages 211–222): Pierre Sepulchre, Lisa C. Sloan and Frederic Fluteau
Chapter Fourteen sleek Andean Rainfall edition in the course of ENSO Cycles and its impression at the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 223–241): Bodo Bookhagen and Manfred R. Strecker
Chapter 15 A evaluation of Tertiary Mammal Faunas and Birds from Western Amazonia (pages 243–258): Francisco Ricardo Negri, Jean Bocquentin?Villanueva, Jorge Ferigolo and Pierre?Olivier Antoine
Chapter sixteen Neogene Crocodile and Turtle Fauna in Northern South the USA (pages 259–280): Douglas Riff, Pedro Seyferth R. Romano, Gustavo Ribeiro Oliveira and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 17 The Amazonian Neogene Fish Fauna (pages 281–301): John G. Lundberg, Mark H. Sabaj Perez, Wasila M. Dahdul and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 18 Amazonian Aquatic Invertebrate Faunas (Mollusca, Ostracoda) and their improvement over the last 30 Million Years (pages 302–316): Frank P. Wesselingh and Maria?Ines F. Ramos
Chapter 19 The starting place of the fashionable Amazon Rainforest: Implications of the Palynological and Palaeobotanical checklist (pages 317–334): Carlos Jaramillo, Carina Hoorn, Silane A. F. Silva, Fatima Leite, Fabiany Herrera, Luis Quiroz, Rodolfo Dino and Luzia Antonioli
Chapter 20 Biotic improvement of Quaternary Amazonia: A Palynological standpoint (pages 335–345): Hermann Behling, Mark Bush and Henry Hooghiemstra
Chapter 21 Contribution of present and ancient strategies to styles of Tree range and Composition of the Amazon (pages 347–359): Hans ter Steege
Chapter 22 Composition and variety of Northwestern Amazonian Rainforests in a Geoecological Context (pages 360–372): Joost F. Duivenvoorden and Alvaro J. Duque
Chapter 23 Diversification of the Amazonian vegetation and its Relation to key Geological and Environmental occasions: A Molecular point of view (pages 373–385): R. Toby Pennington and Christopher W. Dick
Chapter 24 Molecular experiences and Phylogeography of Amazonian Tetrapods and their Relation to Geological and Climatic types (pages 386–404): Alexandre Antonelli, Adrian Quijada?Mascarenas, Andrew J. Crawford, John M. Bates, Paul M. Velazco and Wolfgang Wuster
Chapter 25 Molecular Signatures of Neogene Biogeographical occasions within the Amazon Fish Fauna (pages 405–417): Nathan R. Lovejoy, Stuart C. Willis and James S. Albert
Chapter 26 at the beginning of Amazonian Landscapes and Biodiversity: A Synthesis (pages 419–431): Frank P. Wesselingh, Carina Hoorn, Salomon B. Kroonenberg, Alexandre Antonelli, John G. Lundberg, Hubert B. Vonhof and Henry Hooghiemstra
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Extra info for Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past
13 Ga. 14 Ga (Delor et al. 2003). The western belt shows a similar age. An upper detrital unit unconformably overlies the greenstone successions and TTG suite in north Suriname (Rosebel Formation; Bosma et al. 1984) and French Guiana (Orapu Formation). The unit consists of cross-bedded sandstones and polymict conglomerates, including monogenic gold-bearing conglomerate, and is of the order of 5000 m thick. Milesi et al. 12 Ga on the basis of detrital zircon dating. 95 Ga, thus forming a major period of crustal growth (Cordani et al.
2004) (Fig. 2). The Amazonian Craton is bordered in the southeast by the Neoproterozoic Tocantins-Araguaia belt (Brasiliano cycle), which will not be discussed in this chapter. Granitoid and acid metavolcanic rocks occupy vast expanses between these three belts. The main geochronological provinces of the central part of the craton, as defined by Cordani & Sato (1999), Tassinari & Macambira (1999, 2004) and Tassinari et al. (2000), refer to these granitoid rocks. However, most of these ages 50 Oldest 238U-206Pb age 3401 ± 54 Ma 40 Frequency (number) In this chapter we follow the internationally agreed subdivisions of the Precambrian based upon geochronological data (Gradstein et al.
See Chapter 15). , Chapter 16. (9) Middle Miocene Honda Group (La Venta Fauna), Magdalena Valley. , Chapter 16). Map made by D. Riff and J. van Arkel. et al. argue that in the past 30 Ma well-documented episodes of marine influence in Amazonia are limited to the Miocene. However, there is no evidence for fully established marine corridors (‘seaways’) throughout the South American continent in the Cenozoic. ). Megafans are low-gradient river systems choked by sediments, which force them to continuously change their courses.